Psychotherapy in Clinical Psychology Practice
Psychotherapy is a wonderful action making clinical psychology a highly practical discipline. It is a structured process of inducing change in the affective, behavioural and cognitive aspects of an individual. Psychotherapy is part of the training of clinical psychologists but most practitioners learn more on any psychotherapeutic techniques available. Clinical psychologists in DiamondMoor are very versatile in the use of the underlisted psychotherapy:
Cognitive therapy is a structured treatment modality which seeks to reduce or at best eliminate emotional and behavioural problems of people by focusing on changing the dysfunctional thinking pattern of individuals so that there can be better adjustments in behaviour.
A popular Cognitive Therapy is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. This is of the assumption that the meaning we attach to our thinking or the meaning we attach to behaviour of others towards us or the meaning we attach we the future things in our life actually determines the way we behave. Examples of psychological illness that cognitive behavioural therapy has been found to be effective are substance abuse disorders, anxiety, depression, some types of phobias, somatic symptoms disorder, sleep disorders and so on.
Another popular cognitive therapy is Rational Emotive Behavioural Therapy and this is an action-oriented psychotherapy with the assumption that our thinking about events causes our behavioural reactions. The goal of REBT is to assist individuals in coping with behavioural problems with an emphasis on the present with the aim of reformulating individual dysfunctional beliefs into more sensible, realistic and manageable ones. REBT equally works very well with depression, anxiety, eating disorders and so on.
Couples therapy is a form of psychological therapy used to treat relationship distress for both individuals and couples. The purpose of couples therapy is to restore a better level of functioning in couples who experience relationship distress. The reasons for distress can include poor communication skills, incompatibility, or a broad spectrum of psychological disorders that include domestic violence, alcoholism, depression, anxiety, and schizophrenia . The focus of couples therapy is to identify the presence of dissatisfaction and distress in the relationship, and to devise and implement a treatment plan with objectives designed to improve or alleviate the presenting symptoms and restore the relationship to a better and healthier level of functioning. Couples therapy can assist persons who are having complaints of intimacy, sexual, and communication difficulties.
These are treatment modalities that are based on the principles of learning of operant and classical conditioning. The opinion of most of the therapies here is that what is learnt can be unlearnt. It has been shown that behavioural therapies have been effective in the treatment of some types of anxiety, phobia, sexual dysfunction and so on.
BEHAVIOURAL FAMILY THERAPY:
This is a highly practical psychotherapeutic skill deployed by therapists who are trained in its use to clients, his family members and significant others in the life of the clients for the main goals of achieving knowledge acquisition about the client’s illness, positive communication, teaching problem skills, coping skills, stress reduction and relapse prevention.
Behavioural Family Therapy (BFT) is an individualized approach based on the assessment of each family; and the results of the assessment are tailored in psychoeducational manner to the gain of the family. This works better for the treatment of some chronic mental health disorders.
This is one of the earliest psychotherapeutic modalities which works by inducing a client state of consciousness with the intention of bringing about change in maladaptive behaviours of the client by making some suggestions at the relaxed state of the clients. It works better for treating pain, anxiety, and other substance abuse disorders.
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