Case Study

Dayo was 11years old and just gained admission to a secondary school, when his dad noticed his offhandish responding to solving problems, planning ahead and difficulties with the new school work in general, at the beginning the father felt it was just the change of moving to a new and bigger school (after all, he wasn’t coming first in his class during elementary school). However, after the first year he received a letter from the school insisting- he might need an evaluation of his IQ. Furthermore, the school teacher noted he forgets as quickly as he’s taught and when he’s given novel tasks does not even try any longer. The teacher in trying to motivate him discovered he’s becoming more withdrawn and likes to play alone despite playing with other children in the past. The parents agreed there is the need for a formal assessment and that begins the journey of rehabilitation to achieve success for Dayo.

{The Story above is absolutely fictitious; any resemblance to any client at any facility is coincidental and not intentional.}

Developmental stages of humans are of utmost importance in determining the survival of that being in adapting to his/her environment. According to studies, its agreed that the brain is the first organ to develop in human and its importance to our survival and relationship with our environment is so crucial that deficits in its development may mar navigation through life. On the other hand, disorders are said to occur when expected changes is not seen, especially in the sense of overall development. Thus it’s called abnormal, especially when compared to others of same age (norm).   

Neurodevelopmental disorders are group of disorders that’s noticed from the early stages of life in a child, they are usually noticed by school age, the characteristics displayed are sometimes gross developmental deficits that produce impairments of personal, social, academic or occupational functioning or at other times mild disparity to what is seen in others which is often referred to as the severity of disability. Unfortunately, it had been discovered that these disorders do often co-occurs with each other. At times when discovered in adolescence or adulthood its inability to discover early rather than lately occurring and the earlier its discovered and intervened the better the outcome.

These class of disorders are not treatable but often times ameliorated depending on the severity as in extreme cases can be a severe and long-lasting impairment. Intellectual disability (Intellectual Disability Disorder) is one of the more popular Neurodevelopmental disorders which is evidenced in both intellectual and adaptive functioning deficits in conceptual, social and practical domain. Often its evidenced in the areas of reasoning, problem-solving, planning, abstract thinking, judgment and sometimes academic/ learning difficulties. At other times, it can be evidenced with lack of skills needed for everyday social interaction, coping and independent living.

Disorders of this nature requires an early intervention because of the effect of adaptation in order to help in functioning in other aspects of life without being dependent on others. Neurodevelopmental disorders generally require early identification and rehabilitation for effective survival in our fast moving world.

Many times what makes neurodevelopmental disorders so distressing for the sufferer and family is not knowing exactly what to do, how to do and the abilities the child will be able to function with to achieve independence through life. Thereby causing pains for the career, the family and the sufferer. However, truth be told intellectual disability does not make a child unable to achieve or become all he/she wants to be in life but the first step in that journey of rehabilitation is thorough assessment!

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